Family History by Timeline
From the years 1910 to 1919
Our government: Presidents: William Taft (1909-1913) and Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921). New Mexico and Arizona became states. Personal Income Tax is introduced (1913); The United States declares war on Germany Apr 6, 1917. The draft registration is established: the first was held on June 5,1917 for men between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-one; the second, June 5,1918, for men who had turned twenty-one since the first registration; and the third on September 12, 1918, for men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five. The Sedition Act of 1918 and the Espionage Act of 1917 were passed that, some say, was to address any act of opposition to the war. These were later appealed and anyone imprisoned by them released and eventually granted amnesty. Herbert Hoover is assigned to post of United States Food Administration during the war and establishes a successful voluntary program in the US to reduce food consumption so that it can be provided overseas (there was no required rationing in the US). The campaign had things like “Meatless Mondays” “Wheatless Wednesdays”. This created a surplus of food at the end of the war which was sent to Europe to help ease starvation after the devastation of the war.
Around the world: World War 1 begins July 28, 1914 and ends Nov 11, 1918. There is a worldwide Spanish Flu pandemic killing over 50 million people; Panama Canal is opened; the Titanic Sinks; first Pulitzer Prize is awarded.
Notable events: the Tango catches on; Triangle Shirtwaist factory catches fire killing many workers and results in safety improvements in other businesses; Oreo cookie is first introduced; parachutes are invented; first crossword puzzle is published; New York Grand Central Terminal is opened; Henry Ford creates the assembly line; D.W. Griffith A Birth of a Nation is released; the first self service grocery store is opened in the US (Piggly Wiggly in Tennessee); Daylight savings time is introduced in the US.
Family Overview: During this time our family was still spread out. We lived in ## state; New York (city and Caroline), Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Indiana and Oklahoma. The families got their milk from a milkman, meat at a butcher store, eggs and vegetables were either grown at home or bartered with neighbors or purchased at the farmers market. When they went to a general store, they gave their orders to a clerk who would get the items for them (not self serve). Of course the biggest event was World War I and the Spanish Flu Epidemic. Some member went to war as soldiers and others as volunteers. The families would have participated in the voluntary food rationing as “wheat would win the war”. Grandpa Pierson told the story of the campaign poster that he thought was funny…it said “Eat all your carrots and pea on your plate”.
In 1910, Samuel (34-43), Yetta (33-42), Millard (11-20), Albert (10-19) and Jeannett (5-14) are living in Brooklyn Ward, King, New York (1653 T??? Place). Samuel is a Policeman with the NY City Police Department. He is also the Treasurer for the Shomrim Society. In 1915, they are living at East 98th are (R2)6 and Yetta’s brother Hyman Jaffe (26) is living with them. Samuel registered for the draft in 1918 and has an address of 113 Ralph Ave. Albert also registered for the draft in 1918 and states he is a student at Cornell University in Ithica, NY. Millard went to West Point and graduated July 1920. He did not go overseas. I cannot find any other records for Hyman but family history says he died in World War I. Jaffe is a very common name.
In 1910, Benjamin (31); Lora (30-39); Lyman (10-19); Helen (8-17) and Lillian (6-15) lived in Caroline, New York. Benjamin Lloyd, their youngest, is born in 1912. Their father, Benjamin dies in 1915 age 36 due to an injury on his leg. Benjamin was well known, he was Freemason at the Slaterville Lodge, served as Treasurer of the school board, was the post master of the Slaterville Grange and a Justice of the Peace. Five months before he died he announced he would run for supervisor of the town of Caroline. The newspapers reported this was a split in the Republican Committee since previously Benjamin was the lieutenant and supporter for the current supervisor. He was buried in Caroline Grove Cemetery. Lora then takes the family and moves to Cortland, NY (145 Groton Ave). In 1917, Lyman joins the Navy as a Fireman 3rd class and left 1st class and serves on the USS Muscatine. The Fireman class was part of the Artificer branch of the Navy which means he probably worked in the boiler room.
David (68-76) and Sarah (68) are living together in Richford, Tioga, New York. They are in a house provided by daughter Kate and husband Ford Johnson. David is still working as a farmer. He is beyond the age requirements for the draft. Sarah dies Aug. 5, 1918 at the age of 76 at her home and is buried in Maple Grove Cemetery. The local newspaper has the notice of this as well as many references to the family visiting back and forth.
From 1910 to 1919, Philias (51-60) and Zelia (40-49) and their six children Herve P (20-29), Laura (20-29), Henry (15-24), Bernard (12-21), Joseph (11-20) and Gabrielle (9-18) are living in Cranston, Providence Rhode Island at 282 Fountain Street. Records for Henry and Joseph’s draft registration were found. Herve was in the Rhode Island National Guard, Troop D Calvary. On Oct 16, 1919, this Troop received Federal Recognition for their service during the war. They were probably part of the 26th “Yankee” Division which included many state’s National Guard troops in New England. Herve was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant. He continued to serve with the National Guard after the war was over.
In 1910, Ernest (33-42); Estelle (33-42); Oliver (7-16) and Loraine (1-9) were living in Allegan, Michigan. Estelle, with her adopted mother’s encouragement, had joined the Daughters of the American Revolution. Ernest did not join the military but served with the YMCA War Works and went overseas to France and England in 1918. This group served the troops in a wide variety of functions so it is difficult to say what role Ernest had but the focus was to help the morale of the troops. To earn money, he continued his work as a book keeper. Ernest was very involved with the Allegan Congregational Church which was founded by Estelle’s adopted father Andrew Oliver. Estelle was the treasurer of the Treble Clef Society and Woman History group.
Elkanah (60-69) and Amanda Jean”Jennie” (56-65) are now living alone in Marion, Grant Co, Indiana. Elkanah becomes Mayor of Marion in 1917. Per the history of Grant County, few Marion families are more intimately associated with all of the affairs of the community. Elkanah was chief usher of the Methodist Church; superintendent of the Sunday school, and church trustee. The Neal family is all musical and Amanda and all the sons are singers. Amanda’s voice “has been heard in song at funerals where she hardly knew the family”. When calling together a quartet and an alto is needed, they knew they could count on her.
In 1910, Edward (35), Flora (32-41), Velma (6-15) and Wilda (4-13) are living in Oklahoma City. The census shows that Edward is a policeman with the Oklahoma City Police Department. Pauline dies in 1912 in Lafayette, Indiana at the home of her cousin. She is buried in Greenbush Cemetery, Lafayette, Indiana. Edward is in the 1913 City directory for Lafayette so they either moved just before or after his mother’s death. In 1914 the directory shows that Flora is a widow but no death records have been found for Edward. When family later asked her about Edward, all she ever did was give a sly laugh. Flora and the girls remained in Lafayette. Flora made her living as a seamstress. Aunt Jean said that she (Aunt Jean) was one of the best dressed in college because of dresses and clothes made by her grandmother Flora.
In 1910, John (63-72) was living in Kingfisher, Oklahoma with his new wife Carrie Ketch. The maps show he owned about 80 acres of land right next to Omega. Family history states that he donated land to establish Omega. In addition to farming, he also served as the first postmaster and fought the Craven boys, local outlaws, by pulling the town folk together. He was also a founding member of the Omega Baptist Church.